my journey into the taste buds of all earth’s memory continues;
america has a rich history of coffee cultivation. the regions haiti, caribbean islands, mexico et al, all feature huge tracts of land covered with coffee-trees-bushes-shrubs-whatever, like almost 20 000 coffee…plants! utopia! the spread of the bean began after the entry of coffee-beans into the caribbean region in 1720 by gabriel de clieu. cultivation was started in hispaniola (the island formerly known as santo domingo) in 1734 and almost half-century later by 1788 the region started to supply almost half of the global coffee-demand. by way of reference captain james cook landed in australia in 1788 with the first fleet to colonise this place, he should have planted coffee. sadly as with most stories of colonisation the rise of coffee had its downside in this region, the cruelties of enslavement leading to events such as the haitian revolution.
in réunion (former ‘isle of bourbon’) island of the indian ocean, a different coffee-variety can be traced traced called var. bourbon, which was the origin of the brazilian coffee ‘santos’ and mexican coffee ‘oaxaca’. despite the entry of coffee-beans to brazil in the year of 1727, the coffee-cultivation machine didn’t really take off until 1822, after independence. the trend of coffee-cultivation resulted in the depletion of huge rainforest tracts in the rio and sao paulo regions. later in 1893, the brazilian-coffee spread to kenya and tanzania. after 1930 brazil acquired the title of top coffee-supplier in the world.
all the while in north america, particularly during the revolution, coffee-drinking was encouraged!!! and so from 1773 many people of america switched to coffee from tea. yeeeeaaaaahh!!